Fractal analysis of river newtworks based on remote sensing data: an example from Kelani River Basin, Sri Lanka
S. B. A. D. Y. Jayawardena,
National institute of Fundamental Studies, Hantana Road, Kandy, LK
N. D. Subasinghe
National institute of Fundamental Studies, Hantana Road, Kandy
River network patterns are important components of basin geomorphology. The geomorphological complexity of river networks has an impact on various natural processes and hazardous events. In order to find those correlations and establish quantitative relationships, a comprehensive textural examination on river network patterns is crucial. In this study, the fractal geometry approach is applied to analyse river network by the means of their geometric distinctiveness. Since river networks are fractal objects formed by repetition of certain natural processes over a long period of time, fractal geometry provides the most sensitive method to analyse their complex branching structure. Five river networks from Kelani river basin (1. Ambalanpiti oya, 2. Gurugoda oya, 3. Pugoda oya, 4. Pusweli oya, 5. Wakoya) are subjected to fractal analysis. Fixed-size box counting algorithm is applied to obtain fractal measures. The recursive algorithm is applied to the same river network twice; allocating weighted-lines for different orders and then allocating non-weighted equal width line for all tributaries, to test the best suitable option to model their geomorphological complexity. Non-plane-filling behaviour of river networks is confirmed by present values which are greater than 1 and lesser than 2. The largest fractal dimension value is for Gurugodaoya tributary, confirming that it has the most complex geomorphologic pattern. Smallest value is from Pugodaoya concluding the least geomorphological complexity. Multifractal spectra f(α) are constructed for each river network and detailed investigation is required (considering lithological features of the basin) to link f(α) to the physical characteristics of river network.
How to Cite:
Jayawardena, S.B.A.D.Y. and Subasinghe, N.D., 2018. Fractal analysis of river newtworks based on remote sensing data: an example from Kelani River Basin, Sri Lanka. Journal of the Geological Society of Sri Lanka, 19(2), pp.69–86. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/jgssl.v19i2.45
28 Dec 2018.