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Application of Vertical Electrical Sounding for Groundwater Investigation in the Premises of the Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka

Authors:

R. D. M. G. Jayalath ,

Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka, Belihuloya, LK
About R. D. M. G.
Department of Natural Resources, Faculty of Applied Sciences
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D. N. S. Wanniarachchi,

Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka, Belihuloya, LK
About D. N. S.
Department of Natural Resources, Faculty of Applied Sciences
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L. V. Ranaweera,

Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka, Belihuloya, LK
About L. V.
Department of Natural Resources, Faculty of Applied Sciences
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S. L. Sandanayake

Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka, Belihuloya, LK
About S. L.
Department of Natural Resources, Faculty of Applied Sciences
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Abstract

Growing social, as well as development activities in the premises of Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka (SUSL) and its surroundings, have reformed the natural landscape of the area. Consequently, water demand is increasing. Therefore, an understanding of the subsurface geology and their potential as beneficial aquifers help to overcome the impending water demand because surface water scares in the area. In view of assessing the groundwater potential of the area, an initial study was conducted using topographic and satellite maps followed by a geo-electrical resistivity survey, consisting of vertical electrical sounding (VES) and electrical profiling. Results revealed three subsurface layers in most places. The resistivity of the topsoil layer is ranging between about 50 to 2800 Ωm and the average thickness between 1 m to 15 m. The second layer is characterized by resistivity between about 16 to 9760 Ωm. The resistivity of the third layer ranges from about 2 to 5600 Ωm, and extending to a depth of more than 100 m. Most of the curves were identified as K type. The rest of the curves were H, Q, and A types. Out of 18 VES points, nine locations were identified as possible locations for groundwater abstraction. Groundwater could be located at a depth of between 25 to 60 m. Resistivity data indicate that the regolith mostly forms the aquifers in the area along with some weathered rock aquifers at depth. Most of the points close to or at valleys were found to be deep aquifers. Considering all the geological, structural, and morphological features, nine locations were identified as most convincing and could be recommended for test drilling.
How to Cite: Jayalath, R.D.M.G., Wanniarachchi, D.N.S., Ranaweera, L.V. and Sandanayake, S.L., 2021. Application of Vertical Electrical Sounding for Groundwater Investigation in the Premises of the Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka. Journal of the Geological Society of Sri Lanka, 22(1), pp.27–38. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/jgssl.v22i1.55
Published on 22 Jun 2021.
Peer Reviewed

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